Skip to main content

Royal Profile: Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg

Grand Duke Jean

Jean reigned the grand duke of Luxembourg from 1964, at the time of her mother Grand Duchess Charlotte's abdication until his own in 2000. He is the father of Luxembourg’s reigning sovereign, Grand Duke Henri.

Gran Duke Jean was born on September 30, 1921, at Berg Castle, in central Luxembourg. His parents were the then-reigning Grand Duchess Charlotte and Prince Félix of Bourbon-Parma, who was Luxembourg’s longest-serving consort and a son of deposed Robert I, Duke of Parma.

Jean obtained his primary education in Luxembourg, proceeding to the initial phase of his secondary education, which he finished at Ampleforth College, a Roman Catholic boarding school in Great Britain. When he turned 18, he was officially recognized as the heir apparent of Luxembourg, with the style Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg.

Together with his family, Jean fled Luxembourg on the eve of German invasion on May 10, 1940. The country remained occupied for four years. The Grand Ducal family first settled in Paris, only to flee the country a weeks afterwards. They eventually sought refuge in Brookville, New York, where they settled on a rented estate. He then Jean took up Law and Political Science at Université Laval in Quebec.

Grand Duke Jean and Prince Felix during the liberation of Luxembourg

In 1942, upon the advice of King George VI, Jean volunteered for the British Army, where he joined the Irish Guards. After going through the officer training at Aldershot, Jean was commissioned as a Lieutenant in March 1943, before he was raised to the rank of captain in 1944.

On June 11, 1942, just five days after D-Day, he landed in Normandy where he was among the Allied armies who fought at the Battle for Caen and at the liberation of Brussels. On September 10, 1944, he joined the Allied forces in liberating Luxembourg before proceeding to Arnhem and invading of Germany.

For his service during the war, he was decorated the following honors: Luxembourg War Cross with Palm, Silver Star Medal (USA), French Croix de Guerre, Belgian Croix de Guerre, Orlogsherinneringskruis (Netherlands), 1939-1945 Star (UK), France and Germany Star (UK), Defence Medal (UK), War Medal 1939-1945 (UK), Cross Resistance (Luxembourg), Military Medal (Luxembourg).

He was eventually promoted Colonel of the Regiment of the Irish Guards in 1984, a post he held until he abdicated in 2000. The grand duke was then in attendance at the Sovereign’s Birthday Parade, often riding in uniform behind Queen Elizabeth II.

Grand Duke Jean and Grand Duchess Josephine Charlotte
On April 9, 1953, he married Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (1927–2005), a daughter of Léopold III, King of the Belgians, and Princess Astrid of Sweden. Their marriage produced had three sons and two daughters:

Princess Marie-Astrid (born February 17, 1954). She was married to Archduke Carl Christian of Austria (born 1954), to whom she had five children.

Grand Duke Henri (born  April 16, 1955), who married María Teresa Mestre y Batista-Falla. They have five children, including Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume.

Prince Jean (born May 15, 1957), who first married Hélène Vestur (born 1958) in 1987, which whom he had four children. The prince renounced his rights of succession, as well that of his descendants upon their marriage because the marriage was considered morganatic. His wife and children were initially styled Count/Countess of Nassau until Prince Henri elevated their status to Prince/Princess of Nassau in 2004. Hélène, however, did not enjoy the princely title because she and Jean were already divorced before the title was upgraded. In 2009, John married Diane De Guerre.

Princess Margaretha (born May 15, 1957), the twin-sister of Jean, who married Prince Nikolaus of Liechtenstein (1947), son of Sovereign Prince Franz Joseph II. They have four children.

Prince Guillaume (born May 1, 1963). He married Sibilla Weiller (born 1968), daughter of Paul-Annik Weiller and of the Italian princess Donna Olimpia Torlonia di Civitella-Cesi, daughter of Spain’s Infanta Beatriz, a daughter of King King Alfonso XIII. Their four children are styled Prince(ss) of Nassau.

On November 12, 1964, Grand Duchess Charlotte abdicated and Jean became the sovereign Grand Duke. He abdicated on October 7, 2000 in favor of Grand Duke Henri. Grand Duke Jean spent his remaining years at Fischbach Castle. At age of 98, he was the oldest and the longest-living current or former monarch in the world. He passed away on April 23, 2019 at the age of 98 after suffering from pulmonary infection.


Comments

  1. Quantum Binary Signals

    Get professional trading signals delivered to your mobile phone daily.

    Start following our signals today and gain up to 270% per day.

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

Popular posts from this blog

The Truth about “Princess Qajar,” the Royal Lady with the Mustache

A Persian princess viral news websites baptized as Princess Qajar has lately become a stuff of legends. She was presented as a royal lady with a facial hair that made her so attracted that 13 men claimed their own lives because she couldn’t love them. The truth is, there was no “Princess Qajar,” only the Qajar dynasty  that ruled over Persia for more than a century.

The only fact about this historical meme is that at that time, it was fashionable for Persian women to wear mustache. “Many Persian-language sources, as well as photographs, from the nineteenth century confirm that Qajar women sported a thin mustache, or more accurately a soft down, as a sign of beauty,” explained Dr. Afsaneh Najmabadi.
The memes and fake stories circulating online refer not to a single princess, but actually to two female dynasts: Princess Fatemah Khanum"'Esmat al-Dowleh" and her half-sister, Princess Zahra Khanom Tadj es-Saltaneh. Their father, Naser al-Din Shah Qajar, ruled Persia from 1…

Queen Victoria and Her Conflict with Lord Palmerston

Moving on with our Queen Victoria series, today we will discuss about Queen Victoria’s “cold” treatment of one of her ministers, Lord Palmerston. We shall see how this long-running conflict began.
The defeat of the Tories in the 1846 General Elections saw the dismissal of Sir Robert Peel from the office. With the Whigs on the helm of the government, Henry John Temple, the Viscount Palmerston was appointed Minister of the Foreign Office. His ascension to that post ushered in the greatest struggle between the crown and its ministers since the day when George III had dismissed the coalition government of Fox and North.
Lord Palmerston’s long tenure in public office made up almost untouchable Palmerston’s appointment to the Foreign Office came shortly after he celebrated his 60th birthday, a time when he could proudly look back on his achievements and career in the government that began in 1809, ten years before Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were born. Always confident in his wit and dip…

The Greville Emerald Kokoshnik Tiara

When Princess Eugenie of York married Mr. Jack Brooksbank, it was not only the first time that she wore a tiara in public, it was also the first instance when one of the British Royal Family’s most precious tiaras surfaced after being locked up in the royal vault for over seven decades. Contrary to popular speculation that Princess Eugenie would wear her mother’s York Diamond Tiara, the bride, instead, borrowed The Queen’s Greville Emerald Kokoshnik tiara.
The tiara was originally created by Boucheron for to society hostess The Hon. Mrs. Herman Greville in 1919. According to the Royal Order of Sartorial Splendor, Mrs. Greville “was a social climber,” “a snob” and gossipy lady. Cecil Beaton also describes her as a “galumphing, greedy, snobbish old toad who watered her chops at the sight of royalty and the Prince of Wales’s set, and did nothing for anybody except the rich."  
The tiara was designed in the kokoshnik style, which was popularized by the members of the Russian Imperi…